Japanese Sword Combat Techniques

The forward slicing cut, which starts from an above posture and continues until it makes contact with the opponent’s shoulder or head, is the most basic motion.
The swing is performed by holding the sword behind you and cutting your adversary in an arc.

The harai waza technique is used in kenjutsu or kendo to flip your opponent’s shinai (wooden sword) and attack him.
Connecting your shinai to your opponent’s and spinning it in a 360-degree circle is known as the maki Waza technique in Japanese sword fighting.

Do-uchi (a blow to the body), mein-Uchi (a hit to the wrist), and kote-uchi are the three fundamental strikes in kendo (a strike to the wrist to disarm the opponent).

The netsuke is an iaido quick-draw technique that involves drawing the blade to cut and scabbarding the sword.

The Swazi includes attacking while seated, and the Tachi Waza, used to shoot while standing, are two further groupings of Japanese sword fighting iai methods.

The method of landing vertical strikes in the air is known as hayasuburi.

In Haidong Gumdo

This Korean sword technique is based on the Japanese art of Batto Jutsu, taijutsu, and ninjutsu. Before using a real sword, you must practice with a wooden sword called a Mok Gum. The fundamental moves include chakkom, palm, and begin (cuts) (sheathing). By preparing you to face multiple opponents, Haidong Gumdo differs from the Japanese sword fighting style.


It takes both hands to practice this technique. The size and weight of the sword make it a highly challenging approach to perfect. Thrust, parry, and strike are some of the assault techniques that are similar to fencing. The fundamental defensive techniques include stepping and blocking.


A burst occurs when your back foot moves past your front foot during a passing step.

A lunge occurs when your front foot crosses over your back foot in a passing step.


The ox ward is a fighting stance involving placing your left foot forward while keeping your sword near your face and aiming it at your opponent’s upper body.

The plow ward is a stance in which the right foot is placed forward, the sword is held close to the knees, and the blade is pointed at the opponent’s chest.

Starting with the left foot forward and the sword pointed towards the ground in front of the left foot, the fool ward is performed.

Combat Actions

A high impact delivers a vertical blow to the opponent’s head.

The sword is swung above and diagonally toward the adversary’s ear to deliver the fury stroke.

The center strike is delivered horizontally, either right to left or left to right.

Swinging the blade downward and toward the adversary’s arms produces a low blow.

Using just your blade, you can jab your opponent with the overhead thrust.

The Oberhaus, Unterhau, Zornhau, and Mittelhau are the four cuts. An upper attack launched from above is called Oberhaus. Zornhau is an overhead, diagonal upper-body attack. A center strike launched from either side is known as a “mittelhau.” Unterhau is a downward-firing stroke.

Moves for Defense

Voiding is an effective defensive technique for moving out of the sword’s strike range by moving forward, backward, or sideways.

The idea behind voiding a slash is the same as canceling a thrust, but with the addition of the arc of attack instead of the line of attack.

When you bring the sword to your side, an uppercut is empty.

Before the development of guns in the Industrial era, swords were the primary weapon employed in any significant combat or war.